People are passionate about tomato flavor. Especially New Jerseyans. They remember it when it was good. They long for it when it’s gone. The Rutgers NJAES Rediscovering the Jersey Tomato project has investigated several facets of what makes a tomato tasty. And we’ve been doing something about it – bringing back long lost favorite Jersey tomato varieties from the 1930s – 70s, conducting tomato tastings, communicating with gardeners and farmers on growing delicious tomatoes.
The classic old time Jersey Tomatoes were a portfolio of varieties that did well under New Jersey’s climatic conditions in a different range of soils and ripening at different times of the season. Two popular Jersey tomato varieties, ‘Rutgers’ and ‘Ramapo’ tomatoes were developed at Rutgers NJAES in the 20th century. Our current research and tomato breeding efforts embraces our past contributions and forges ahead with the acknowledgement that consumers’ desire for tasty tomatoes is an important component of breeding and growing tomatoes.
The New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station (NJAES) was established at Rutgers University in 1880, conducting research and providing educational opportunities for New Jersey farmers. Early research on tomato production focused on cultural practices for controlling weeds, diseases and insects, and improving fertilization. In 1900, tomato breeding began by growing nearly all the commercial varieties of tomatoes and crossing many of the different varieties. NJAES tomato research in the 20th century supported New Jersey farmers in growing abundant healthy crops of Jersey tomatoes, and the releases of ‘Rutgers’ and ‘Ramapo’ tomatoes provided growers and gardeners with top-performing varieties.
New! In 2020, the Rutgers NJAES tomato program released ‘Scarlet Sunrise,’ a tasty bicolor grape tomato. Developed by traditional (non-GMO) plant breeding methods, this cultivar has firm, crack-resistant red/yellow fruit. And, in tribute to New Jersey’s legacy of tasty tomatoes, the breeding program’s emphasis on flavor is depicted in this tomato, with an intense sweet flavor balanced by moderate acidity. The indeterminate plants are high yielding, with mid-late season fruit maturity. ‘Scarlet Sunrise’ is open-pollinated; 70 days to maturity. Red and yellow crack-resistant fruit with sweet intense flavor. High yielding, indeterminate plants.
Rutgers 250 tomato: Rutgers 250 is the result from crossing the same parent varieties as the original ‘Rutgers’ tomato that was released by Rutgers NJAES in 1934. ‘Rutgers 250’ was selected for high fruit quality and flavor and has been named in honor of the University’s 250th anniversary in 2016.
Ramapo F1 Hybrid tomato: Ramapo was developed at Rutgers NJAES and released in 1968. It was prized by gardeners for its great flavor, fruit quality, reliability, and productivity. While Ramapo seed was unavailable for many years, Rutgers NJAES continued receiving requests for this popular tomato and eventually reintroduced Ramapo F-1 seeds in 2008.
Moreton F1 Hybrid tomato: Moreton was Harris Seeds’ first F-1 hybrid, released in 1953 and one of the first hybrids grown by Jersey tomato growers. This early maturing, tasty variety was off the market and re-introduced in a cooperative effort by Harris and Rutgers. Moreton makes a good earlier maturing garden companion to Ramapo and KC-146. Good for regions with short growing seasons and suitable for growing in containers.
KC-146 tomato: KC-146 (also known as Campbell’s 146) was developed by Campbell’s Soup Company as a processing tomato and released in 1956. This variety was wilt and crack-resistant and better flavored than other processing types. It was eventually replaced with newer varieties with a more disease resistance. Campbell’s maintained the KC-146 stock as their flavor standard. We agree, this is one tasty tomato! Suitable for growing in containers.
Tomato Seed Availability
Seed Availability for Home Gardeners:
Notes: We were unable to obtain new stock of Moreton and KC-146 tomato seeds, hence they are not available for 2021. Also, please do not use an old version of the form with the P.O. Box mailing address – that address is no longer in use – the current form is linked below.
The Rediscover the Jersey Tomato program has ‘Rutgers 250’, ‘Ramapo’, ‘Moreton’ and ‘KC-146’ (Campbell’s-146) and “Scarlet Sunrise” tomato seeds and Jersey tomato T-shirts available. These items can be purchased using this order form: go.rutgers.edu/tomato Note: this is a fillable form, so you can enter your information on page 3 prior to printing.
Tomato seeds should be started indoors 6-8 weeks before the outdoor transplanting date (e.g., for Central NJ, start indoors in late March/early April and transplant outside mid-May).
Contact firstname.lastname@example.org with questions.
Rutgers Cooperative Extension Home Gardening Fact Sheets:
Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station Services:
Tomato variety trials at the Snyder Research and Extension Farm analyze how a wide range of tomato varieties perform in New Jersey. The fruit is then offered for the public to taste at Snyder Farm’s annual Great Tomato Tasting. Information on these varieties is available in the NJAES tomato variety database.
Research trials on soil salinity enhancing tomato flavor were conducted at Rutgers Agricultural Research and Extension Center: Can Soil Fertility Improve Tomato Flavor? and Soil, Salt, and Tomato Taste
Bulk ‘Rutgers 250,’ ‘Ramapo,’ and Scarlet Sunrise* Tomato Seed and POP Materials for Commercial Growers (in three easy steps!)
- Commercial Sales of Rutgers NJAES Tomato Seeds for 2021
To buy bulk seed for commercial sales of Rutgers 250, Ramapo, and/or Scarlet Sunrise bicolor grape tomato, Rohrer’s Seeds in Smoketown, PA is handling bulk seed sales. The contact person is Jim Gamber at (717) 299-2571 ext. 2 or email@example.com. Bulk Moreton seed is available from Harris Seeds (http://www.harrisseeds.com).
- Let people know you are selling Rutgers 250, Ramapo, or Scarlet Sunrise tomato plants in 2021!
Retail Plant/Tomato Sales Listing – If you would like to be included on this year’s listing of where people can buy Ramapo, Rutgers 250 or Scarlet Sunrise transplants and/or tomatoes, e-mail us the information by mid-April, 2021. Please send us your company retail information: name, address, phone number, e-mail, web address and county (or state if not NJ) you are located in to: firstname.lastname@example.org and put “Commercial Tomato Sales” in the e-mail subject line. Indicate whether Rutgers 250, Ramapo and/or Scarlet Sunrise tomato transplants and/or tomatoes will be for sale and approximate availability dates (we also list Moreton and KC-146 tomato availability, so please indicate if you carry these varieties).
- Rutgers 250, Ramapo, Moreton, KC-146 and Scarlet Sunrise tomato Point of Purchase Materials
For point of purchase sales materials for retail transplant sales, available are plant tags for transplants, as well as free bench card images. Available are 1 1/4 X 5 1/2″ plant tags for transplants for Rutgers 250, Ramapo and Scarlet Sunrise. We also have bench cards (see below) for the classic Jersey tomatoes. To purchase the plant labels, please use the Rutgers NJAES tomato POP order form.
Point of purchase bench cards for classic Jersey Tomato plants: